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10 important sights of Bulgaria to visit every tourist

Known for its cuisine, friendly atmosphere, many ancient ruins, villages, soaring mountains and sunny beaches, Bulgaria is undoubtedly included in the list of the best tourist destinations in Europe …

Natural and archaeological reserve at Cape Kaliakra
Location: 12 km east of the town of Kvarana, 60 km north-east of Varna.

Natural and archaeological reserve at Cape Kaliakra
Kaliakra is a long narrow cape in the southeastern part of the Dobrudzhansky plateau. The coast of the cape is distinguished by steep cliffs almost vertically hanging over the sea – their height reaches 70 m.

Kaliakra is a natural and archaeological reserve where you can observe dolphins, cormorants and pinnipeds in their natural habitat. It also presents the remains of fortified walls, running water, baths and the residence of the ruler of the Dobrudzhansky despot Dobrotitsa, who once moved the capital from Kavarna.

The eponymous fortress of the end of the 14th century became a symbol of this place after it played a decisive role in the naval battle of 1791 between the Russian and Turkish fleets. This battle determined the success of Russian soldiers in the Russian-Turkish war.

Also at the very tip of the cape is a small chapel of St. Nicholas.

Interesting Facts. The destroyer of the Russian Imperial Navy was named “Kaliakria” in honor of the victory won by Admiral Ushakov over the Turkish-Algerian fleet during the Russian-Turkish war.

The main fortress Tsarevets medieval capital Veliko Tarnovo
In the period of the Second Bulgarian Kingdom from 1185 to 1395. Bulgaria was the largest and most powerful state in Southeast Europe, and Tsarevets was the main fortress of the medieval capital, Veliko Tarnovo.

During the first centuries of Roman rule, the ancient settlement was deserted, but, according to archaeological data, it was inhabited as early as the 2nd millennium BC. After a long desolation, this place became a strongly fortified early Byzantine city by the 5th century.

In the XII century on the tops of the foundations of this early Byzantine city and was erected a medieval fortress. Partial restoration is taking place here these days, although the entire fort has already been well studied. Visiting tourists can easily observe how the fort, consisting of massive stone walls, gates and towers, was able to survive many different periods throughout its history.

Medieval with a 3000-year history of the city of Nessebar
Location: 37 km north of the city of Burgas.

Medieval with a 3000-year history of the city of Nessebar
Located on a rocky peninsula, on the Black Sea coast of Bulgaria, the ancient city of Nessebar, which has more than 3000 years of history, was originally a Thracian settlement of Mesebrias.

At the beginning of the VI. BC. settlement becomes a Greek colony. The remains of the city, which mainly belong to the Hellenistic period, include the acropolis, the temple of Apollo, Agora and the wall of the Thracian fortifications. Other most valuable historical monuments – the Basilica of St. Sophia (the Old Metropolis) and the fortress itself – belong to the Middle Ages, a time when it was one of the most important Byzantine cities on the west coast of the Black Sea. Wooden houses built in the 19th century are typical of the Black Sea architecture of the time.

The city is surrounded on three sides by the sea, and tourists can get here only along a narrow isthmus 400 m wide.

Interesting Facts. Almost half of the ancient city went under water. In 1983, the area of ​​the old town of Nessebar was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Monument of Slavic cultural identity of the Bulgarian language Rila Monastery
Location: 117 km south of Sofia in the valley of the Rila River.

Monument of Slavic cultural identity of the Bulgarian language Rila Monastery
The Rila Monastery was founded in the 10th century by St. John of Rila, a hermit canonized by the Orthodox Church. His ascetic dwelling and grave became holy places and turned into a monastic complex, which played an important role in the spiritual and social life of medieval Bulgaria. Destroyed by fire at the beginning of the 19th century, the complex was rebuilt between 1834 and 1862. Being a characteristic example of the Bulgarian Renaissance, the monument symbolizes the awareness of Slavic cultural identity after centuries of occupation. During the Ottoman rule, the monastery acted as guardian of the Bulgarian language and culture.

Nowadays, the Rila Monastery is the largest Stavropegic Monastery of the Bulgarian Church. For tourists, this place will be especially interesting due to the local monastic museum, which houses the famous Cross of Raphael – a unique example of woodcarving, which depicts 104 religious scenes and 650 miniature figures.

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